Benesse Art Site Naoshima

nav

The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" conveys Naoshima's abundance and beauty

A traditional, 200-year-old home in Honmura, Naoshima island. It used to be a post office for a long time. During the Setouchi Triennale 2019, this building will serve as a rest stop for visitors and islanders. Hiroshi Sambuichi was the architect who designed the renovated building. He has worked on The Naoshima Plan since 2011, a project spotlighting how residents used nature in their homes, village layout, and water gutters.

The Naoshima Plan 2019
The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water"

On Naoshima, Mr. Sambuichi has created "Cockpit for Wind and Water" in 2013, the multi-purpose facility "Naoshima Hall" in 2015, and a private residence called "Matabe." His fourth work on Naoshima is The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water." This work's theme is based on Naoshima's wind and groundwater system. It draws on Mr. Sambuichi's use of materials that "move" such as wind, water, and the sun.

"Naoshima's homes pass on the wind like a baton in a relay."

The first thing Mr. Sambuichi examined was the flow of the wind on Naoshima. When he surveyed homes in Honmura, a small village on Naoshima, he noticed some things in common in their layout. Honmura's traditional homes had a south-to-north continuous room. All the homes had a yard on the northern and southern sides. The homes were built in the same way and faced the wind in the same direction. At the study meeting for Naoshima residents, Mr. Sambuichi explained that these homes were designed to pass on the wind like in a relay.

The Naoshima Plan 2019
The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" study meeting for Naoshima residents.

"The wind flows through one home's continuous room. Then it flows through the next home, and the next. Like passing a baton in a relay race, they pass on the wind. Today's homes have air-conditioners that cool your own room and expels the hot air outside. That's why it gets hotter outside. The great thing about traditional homes in Honmura is that the wind does not stop at one home. It flows through the house and then continues to flow to the next house. The homes were designed to cool not just itself, but also its surroundings. The 1781 map of the Great Fire of Takadaura shows that Honmura's current village plan was established since the 1700s. However, from the late 1500s, talented architects and urban planners likely came up with ideas for this home building and village planning."

To reproduce Naoshima's "wind relay," The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" removed excess structures and restored the traditional house-to-house wind relay from south to north. Also, a noren curtain will be hung on the home's southern and northern entrances. The noren curtains are made by texitile dye artist Yoko Kano who has been working on the "Noren Project" on Naoshima since 2001. The noren curtains will enable you to visually see the home's "wind relay."

"It is clear what the architects tried to convey 400 years ago."

Mr. Sambuichi says that on Naoshima, besides the wind, the groundwater system also has a "relay" system. There is a groundwater system under the entire Honmura village, and many traditional homes had their own wells. The well water was Honmura's joint community asset. Also, older island residents recall that even wells for non-drinking purposes were kept clean in the old days. Armed with such research, Mr. Sambuichi renovated the house so it could convey the value of Naoshima's water. The well continuously spews about two tons of water a day. The courtyard of The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" has a shallow pool filled with water flowing from the well. Visitors can dip their hands or feet into the water and feel the pureness and coolness of Naoshima's water.

"Honmura's roads have water gutters neatly arranged to gather water. All traditional homes have a surrounding wall, a gate, and main house. According to a historian who did research, among the islands in the Seto Inland Sea, only Honmura on Naoshima has such homes with a basic layout of a gate and surrounding wall. Villages on other islands have a series of short roads from the port. While in Honmura, each home is like a grand residence. While studying Honmura's traditional townscape, I came to clearly understand what the architects 400 years ago were trying to convey. In Honmura, the cool winds blow from the south, and there is a clean groundwater system. I believe they are well worth passing on to the future generations for another 400 years."

Open house for Naoshima residents on April 24th, 2019.
Open house for Naoshima residents on April 24th, 2019.

The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" will be open only during Setouchi Triennale 2019 from 10:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. every day except Monday when it is closed. (Open if Monday is a national holiday, and closed the next day instead.) The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" will be managed and staffed by Naoshima residents. You can therefore also chat with them about life on Naoshima.

BLOG

Fukutake House

Oct 07, 2019

Fukutake House "Meeting Asia / Meeting Artists: Heri Dono"

On April 26th, 2019, the first day of the Setouchi Triennale 2019, a talk event with Heri Dono, an internationally renowned Indonesian artist was held with some of his works on display in the exhibition space. Fifteen university students who participated in the event listened to what the artist had to say with rapt attention.Read article

The Naoshima Plan 2019

Aug 19, 2019

The Naoshima Plan 2019 "The Water" conveys Naoshima's abundance and beauty

A traditional, 200-year-old home in Honmura, Naoshima island. It used to be a post office for a long time. During the Setouchi Triennale 2019, this building will serve as a rest stop for visitors and islanders. Hiroshi Sambuichi was the architect who designed the renovated building. He has worked on The Naoshima Plan since 2011, a project spotlighting how residents used nature in their homes, village layout, and water gutters.Read article

Experiencing Teshima Art Museum's Special Morning Viewing Program (April 14, 2019)

Jun 04, 2019

Experiencing Teshima Art Museum's Special Morning Viewing Program (April 14, 2019)

Teshima Art Museum's special morning viewing program lets visitors catch site of the first signs of the water emerging, marking the beginning of a new day. We started this program in 2017 after receiving many requests asking to see the museum at the start of the day when it is still a blank slate. The morning viewing program is now its third year. We covered its session on April 14, 2019 for this article.Read article

Rice cultivation that leaves nothing behind

Apr 02, 2019

Rice cultivation that leaves nothing behind

Launched in 2006, the Naoshima Rice-Growing Project began from the idea of "reviving rice cultivation on Naoshima, as well as re-evaluating from the present what daily life was like in the past on an island founded on rice cultivation (Japan)." Here we will tell you more about the ways in which locals on the island harness various parts of the rice plant.Read article

A commemorative ceremony and workshop with local residents was held to celebrate the unveiling of a new work at Inujima

Dec 25, 2018

A commemorative ceremony and workshop with local residents was held to celebrate the unveiling of a new work at Inujima "Art House Project" A-Art House.

To celebrate the completion of Yellow Flower Dream by Beatriz Milhazes, a major Brazilian artist, an unveiling ceremony and workshop with local residents was held at Inujima "Art House Project" A-Art House on October 31st, 2018, the day before the work's public opening.Read article

Visit to the islands and closing symposium to celebrate 150 years of Japan-Denmark diplomatic relations

Mar 06, 2018

Visit to the islands and closing symposium to celebrate 150 years of Japan-Denmark diplomatic relations

Building on the friendship ties nurtured with Denmark during the 150th anniversary of Japan-Denmark diplomatic relations celebrated throughout 2017, a delegation of esteemed architects, artists, scholars and officials from the Nordic country visited the islands of Naoshima, Inujima and Teshima for three days from October 9th to 11th, with the aim of exchanging perspectives on the potential of nature, art and architecture as agents for regional revitalization.Read article

ABOUT
ACCESS
ART
STAY
Contact
Press